Heinrich To Join Defense, Clean Energy, And Technology Innovators Across Albuquerque As Area-Leaders Unveil Game-Changing Projects

Source: United States Senator for New Mexico Martin Heinrich

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. – On Thursday, August 18, at 10 a.m. MT, U.S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.) will join BlueHalo for a ribbon cutting to celebrate the grand opening of its Gibson Boulevard SE facility and expansion in Albuquerque.

Senator Heinrich has played a key role in strengthening New Mexico’s ability to create the jobs of the future, inspire the next generation of STEM leaders, and secure the state’s role in national security.

WHEN: Thursday, August 18, at 10 a.m. MT

WHERE: 10800 Gibson Boulevard SE Albuquerque, NM 87123

RSVP: Press interested in attending should email ashley.young@bluehalo.com

Later that day at 11:15 a.m. MT, Senator Heinrich will join Albuquerque Public Schools leadership for the unveiling of Atrisco Heritage Academy High School’s photo-voltaic and battery storage project.

Senator Heinrich, a member of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee and Co-Chair of the Electrification Caucus, recently championed the Inflation Reduction Act into law which includes a standalone investment tax credit (ITC) specifically for energy-storage projects.

WHEN: Thursday, August 18, at 11:15 a.m. MT

WHERE: Atrisco Heritage Academy High School, 10800 Dennis Chavez Blvd. SW, Albuquerque, NM 87121

RSVP: press@heinrich.senate.gov

Finally, at 3:15 p.m. MT, Senator Heinrich will celebrate the open house of Verus Research’s newly renovated facility. Verus Research has helped New Mexico become a leader in the development of technology solutions in growing fields like directed energy, space-based assets, and high-power microwave systems.

Senator Heinrich has worked for years—previously on both House and Senate Armed Services, and now on the Appropriations Committee—to deliver resources to keep New Mexico defense installations and private industry partners at the forefront of research, development, and demonstration.

WHEN: Thursday, August 18, at 3:15 p.m. MT

WHERE: Verus Research Institute, 45 Hotel Cir NE, Albuquerque, NM 87123

RSVP: press@heinrich.senate.gov

Senator Hawley Tours Fort Leonard Wood, Continues Pressing for Answers on Housing Conditions

Source: United States Senator Josh Hawley (R-Mo)

Today U.S. Senator Josh Hawley (R-Mo.) delivered remarks on the important work being done at Fort Leonard Wood to strengthen our nation’s military. He also visited with Fort Leonard Wood residents about base housing in need of replacement.

Two weeks ago, Senator Hawley sent a letter to Secretary of the Army Christine Wormuth requesting an update on the Army’s plans to replace aging homes at Fort Leonard Wood.

Earlier this year, he pressed Secretary Wormuth and Chief of Staff of the Army General James C. McConville for answers about military housing at Fort Leonard Wood.  

In June 2021, Senator Hawley asked the Secretary and General McConville for information about the Army’s plans to replace housing on base. Following that exchange, the Army confirmed it had allocated funding for housing at Fort Leonard Wood. More recently, however, the Army informed the Senator’s office that funding was no longer available. Concerned by the Army’s lack of progress, Senator Hawley demanded answers directly from the Army’s leaders.

While visiting Fort Leonard Wood Senator Hawley also met with Major General Jim Bonner, Command Sergeant Major Delapena, and Colonel Hilburgh.

PHOTOS: Capito Visits TMC Technologies, Keynotes Marion County Chamber Dinner

Source: United States Senator for West Virginia Shelley Moore Capito

FAIRMONT, W.Va. – U.S. Senator Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.) today made several stops in Marion County, where she visited a local small business and delivered the keynote address at the Marion County Chamber of Commerce Annual Dinner.

Senator Capito visited TMC Technologies, a leading-edge technology services small business that provides collaboration in the space, defense, justice, cybersecurity, energy, and natural resources/climate sectors. During the stop, Senator Capito toured the facility, and received an update on operations from business leaders.

“TMC Technologies is a great example of the tech success that is happening in north central West Virginia right now,” Senator Capito said. “I was so impressed during today’s visit, particularly when it came to learning more about TMC’s federal contract work at our FBI and NASA IV&V facilities right here in West Virginia.”

“Senator Capito consistently promotes policies that are good for the country; while looking for federal opportunities and projects suited for West Virginia. Her hard work inspires West Virginia-based companies like TMC Technologies to solve today’s challenges with tomorrow’s solutions and technologies,” Wade Linger, TMC Technologies President and CEO, said.

In the evening, Senator Capito attended the Marion County Chamber of Commerce’s Annual Dinner where she provided the keynote address.

“Our county chambers are central to economic development in West Virginia, and I’m especially thankful for the hard-work and leadership displayed by the Marion County Chamber of Commerce,” Senator Capito said. “The on-the-ground perspective of our local leaders is essential to my work in Washington, and provides me with the vision to advocate for the specific resources our communities need to thrive. It was great to speak with so many dedicated West Virginians in Fairmont this evening, and I look forward to continuing our work together towards making West Virginia the best place to live, work, and raise a family.”

“It was an honor to have Senator Capito as our Keynote Speaker for the largest business event in Marion County. The Marion County Chamber of Commerce is fortunate to have her in Washington working on our behalf,” Tina Shaw, Marion County Chamber of Commerce President, said.

Earlier in the day, Senator Capito, who is the Ranking Member of the Senate Environment and Public Works (EPW) Committee, hosted U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Director Martha Williams in Charleston, W.Va. for meetings focused on alleviating regulatory delays to critical projects across the state. At a recent EPW Committee hearing, Senator Capito secured a commitment from Director Williams to visit West Virginia and address these ongoing issues. Click here for a full recap on those visits.

“At a time when we should be taking full advantage of new investments in West Virginia’s infrastructure, we are seeing delays and backlogs due to lengthy agency review processes and staffing shortages,” Senator Capito said. “I appreciate Director Williams fulfilling the commitment she made to come to our state, see firsthand the impact of these projects not being able to get off the ground, and work with us to resolve these problems and coordinate more efficiently moving forward. There is still work to do here, and I look forward to continuing the dialogue with Director Williams and her staff to move projects forward.”

Photos from today’s visit included below:

U.S. Senator Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.) visits TMC Technologies in Fairmont, W.Va. on Wednesday, August 17, 2022.

U.S. Senator Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.) attends the Marion County Chamber of Commerce Annual Dinner in Fairmont, W.Va. on Wednesday, August 17, 2022.

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Capito Hosts U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Director in Charleston

Source: United States Senator for West Virginia Shelley Moore Capito

CHARLESTON, W.Va. — U.S. Senator Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.), Ranking Member of the Senate Environment and Public Works (EPW) Committee, today hosted U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Director Martha Williams in Charleston, W.Va. for meetings focused on alleviating regulatory delays to critical projects across the state. At a recent EPW Committee hearing, Ranking Member Capito secured a commitment from Director Williams to visit West Virginia and address these ongoing issues.

During today’s visit, Ranking Member Capito and Director Williams met with Secretary of the West Virginia Department of Transportation Jimmy Wriston, Secretary of the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection Harold Ward, and held a roundtable with stakeholders, business leaders, and state and regional officials from FWS.

“At a time when we should be taking full advantage of new investments in West Virginia’s infrastructure, we are seeing delays and backlogs due to lengthy agency review processes and staffing shortages,” Ranking Member Capito said. “I appreciate Director Williams fulfilling the commitment she made to come to our state, see firsthand the impact of these projects not being able to get off the ground, and work with us to resolve these problems and coordinate more efficiently moving forward. There is still work to do here, and I look forward to continuing the dialogue with Director Williams and her staff to move projects forward.” 

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Senator King Tours Auburn Manufacturing Inc. With U.S. Export-Import Bank Vice Chair Pryor

Source: United States Senator for Maine Angus King

AUBURN, ME – U.S. Senator Angus King (I-Maine) today visited Auburn Manufacturing Inc. (AMI) with Vice Chair of the Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) Judith Pryor to highlight the importance of empowering small U.S. and Maine businesses to pursue overseas markets. During the visit, AMI President Kathie Leonard gave Senator King and Vice Chair Pryor an overview of the work being done at AMI and a tour of their Auburn facilities to see first-hand how they make advanced, heat-resistant textiles. The visit came shortly after EXIM launched its Make More in America Initiative to help American businesses expand their capacity to reach new international customers. 

“International markets provide businesses across our state the chance to reach new customers, grow their sales, and create more good-paying jobs – they’re a critical part of Maine’s economy,” said Senator King. “It was great to join EXIM Vice Chair Pryor today on a tour of Auburn Manufacturing Inc. to learn more about how overseas sales impact their business and how Congress and the Biden administration can continue to support their work. AMI is producing innovative textiles, and they deserve world-class opportunities. Together, with businesses like AMI and the Export-Import Bank’s new Make More in America Initiative, I’m hopeful that we can grow Maine’s access to international markets and strengthen our state’s economy.”

“The Export-Import Bank of the United States is committed to expanding our outreach to small businesses across the country so we can support them as they grow their export business into diverse markets,” said Vice Chair Pryor. “I thank Sen. King for inviting me to Maine to discuss the resources available through EXIM for small businesses to increase their competitiveness and boost global sales. This, in turn, fulfills EXIM’s mission of supporting U.S. job growth through exports.”

“We were excited to host Senator King and Judith Pryor, Vice Chair of EXIM Bank! It was a fantastic opportunity to show the major improvements we’re making at AMI: upgrading facilities, adding specialized equipment, and developing a larger, skilled workforce,” said AMI President and CEO Kathie Leonard. “The devastation of COVID proved America needs a strong defense and commercial industrial base including small and medium sized manufacturers that can meet US demand and compete globally. AMI is one of the many that is in recovery thanks to the support of federal and state governments working together.”  

Auburn Manufacturing Inc. (AMI) is a global leader in manufacturing advanced textiles for extreme-heat environments. Their products are used in a wide variety of high-tech, critical sectors including aerospace, shipbuilding, and automotive manufacturing. They employ 50 people in Maine and manufacture products used in over 30 countries worldwide.

The Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) is the nation’s official export credit agency with the mission of supporting American jobs by facilitating U.S. exports. To advance American competitiveness and assist U.S. businesses as they compete for global sales, EXIM offers financing including export credit insuranceworking capital guarantees, loan guarantees, and direct loans.

Rosen Visits Lulius Innovation on Congressional Startup Day

Source: United States Senator Jacky Rosen (D-NV)

Senator Rosen Is Senate Chair Of This Year’s Congressional Startup Day

RENO, NV – Today, U.S. Senator Jacky Rosen (D-NV) visited Lulius Innovation in Reno to celebrate Congressional Startup Day and discuss ways she’s working to help Nevada startups, small businesses, and entrepreneurs thrive. Lulius is a small veteran-owned software company in Reno that focuses on providing information technology solutions for the federal government, military, and commercial businesses. Congressional Startup Day is a bipartisan event held each year that recognizes the innovation and entrepreneurship of startups across the country, and Senator Rosen is serving as the Senate Chair this year. 

“Nevada has no shortage of innovators and entrepreneurs, and I’m working every day to advocate on their behalf to ensure they have the resources to grow and thrive in our state,” said Senator Rosen. “I met with Lulius Innovation to learn more about the critical work they’re doing to improve our Army aviation readiness and discuss ways to support startup businesses in Nevada.”

“Congressional Startup Day shines a bright light on the companies and innovations that have the power to transform the way businesses work alongside government entities, including the military,” said Rich Ferguson, CEO of Lulius Innovation. “Senator Rosen is one of just a few members of Congress who understand the platform we’ve built and how it will change the way the Army manages its operations and readiness. She’s focused on efficiency. We are so fortunate to have her as our Nevada U.S. Senator and grateful for her support.”

Senator Rosen has been a consistent advocate for technological innovation and small businesses in Nevada. She recently helped to pass the CHIPS and Science Act, a bipartisan legislative package that makes historic investments in scientific research through the National Science Foundation and includes several of her provisions to bolster workforce development and STEM education. Senator Rosen is a member of the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship and the Senate Armed Services Committee.


Barrasso: Biden Administration must stop subverting law on oil and natural gas lease sales

Source: United States Senator for Wyoming John Barrasso

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Today, U.S. Senator John Barrasso (R-WY), ranking member of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (ENR), issued the following statement regarding a district court decision on oil and natural gas lease sales on federal lands. Today’s ruling in the Fifth Circuit strikes down a lower court decision that blocked President Biden’s ban on energy leasing.

“Federal law is clear as day: the Secretary of the Interior is required to hold quarterly lease sales in states with federal oil and gas resources. Today’s decision gives the Biden administration yet another chance to subvert the law. The primary victims are the American people. They are paying more for gasoline and electricity. They are making painful sacrifices because President Biden refuses to tap American energy. Until he reverses course, Americans will continue to suffer from historic inflation and economic recession.”

Cantwell Touts New Electric Lummi Island Ferry to Replace 60-Year-Old Boat Thanks to $25M Federal Grant

Source: United States Senator for Washington Maria Cantwell


Cantwell Touts New Electric Lummi Island Ferry to Replace 60-Year-Old Boat Thanks to $25M Federal Grant

Cantwell: “[We’re] being better stewards of Mother Earth and solving some of our transportation and infrastructure problems at the same time.”

WHATCOM COUNTY, WA – This week, U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell (D-WA) joined local leaders to celebrate a new federal grant that will allow Whatcom County to replace the 60-year-old Lummi Island ferry with a state-of-the-art electric-hybrid vessel. 

Speaking at the dock used by the current ferry, the Whatcom Chief, Sen. Cantwell touted the benefits of the new ferry, including increased capacity, lower wait times, safer service and fewer maintenance outages.

“This is so important because it’s part of critical infrastructure, moving 1,000 residents to and from the island in times which can often be very challenging,” said Sen. Cantwell. “And so the ferry needed to be upgraded, and the capacity is being upgraded, the number of cars being doubled, and a significant increase in the amount of passengers.”

Sen. Cantwell also noted the environmental benefits of an electric-powered ferry: “We also get an extra little bonus here and that we are helping to decarbonize the marine environment that we cherish so much by getting this to be a battery electric boat….With this ferry system we [are] being better stewards of Mother Earth and solving some of our transportation and infrastructure problems at the same time.”

Lummi Island is a rural community, with the ferry producing the only connection between the island and the mainland of Whatcom County. The Lummi Island Ferry is located on Lummi Nation land. 

The Lummi Island Ferry is one of the state’s oldest vessels and is well past the end of its useful life. The Rebuilding American Infrastructure with Sustainability and Equity (RAISE) grant for the Lummi Island Ferry Replacement and System Modernization Project will help replace the ferry with a battery-hybrid vessel that would reduce emissions and increase ridership capacity to meet future growth. 

The current ferry, the 60-year-old Whatcom Chief, has capacity for 16 vehicles and 100 passengers; the new ferry will have capacity for 34 vehicles and 150 passengers. This funding comes following a letter of support written by Sen. Cantwell and Sen. Patty Murray to Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg in March.

This award is one portion of the nearly $100 million ingrant funding for Washington state announced earlier this week. RAISE grants, which were originally created under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act as TIGER grants, can be used for a wide variety of infrastructure projects with local or regional impact.

As chair of the Senate Commerce, Science and Technology Committee, Sen. Cantwell worked to authorize the RAISE grant program for the first time ever in the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, which provided the program with $7.5 billion over five years, a 50 percent increase in funding.

Photos for download and use are available HERE, b-roll of Senator Cantwell stepping off the Lummi Island Ferry is available HERE. A transcript of Senator Cantwell’s remarks is available HERE

Inhofe, Reed Lead Colleagues In Urging FCC to Stay and Reconsider Order Granting Ligado Applications

Source: United States Senator for Oklahoma James Inhofe

U.S. Sens. Jim Inhofe (R-Okla.) and Jack Reed (D-R.I.), ranking member and chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, led a group of their colleagues today in sending a letter to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) urging them to reconsider granting the license modification request of Ligado Networks, which wants to use a part of the communications spectrum in a way that risks interference with Global Positioning System (GPS) reception. Joining Inhofe and Reed were Sens. Tammy Duckworth (D-Ill.), Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii), Mark Kelly (D-Ariz.), Mike Rounds (R-S.D.), Kyrsten Sinema (D-Ariz.) and Dan Sullivan (R-Alaska).

The senators write: “Staying and reconsidering the Ligado Order is necessary to address the imminent risks associated with Ligado’s intention to ‘commence operations in the 1526-1536 Mhz band on or after September 30, 2022.’ We remain gravely concerned that the Ligado Order fails to adequately protect adjacent band operations—including those related to GPS and satellite communications—from harmful interference impacting countless military and commercial activities.

The senators continued: “We urge you to set aside the Ligado Order and give proper consideration to the widely held concerns across the Executive Branch, within Congress, and from the private sector regarding the expected impact of the Ligado Order on national security and other systems.”

A copy of the letter can be found here and below.

Dear Chairwoman Rosenworcel:

We write to you today to urge the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to stay and reconsider the FCC’s order granting the applications of Ligado Networks LLC (Ligado) to deploy a terrestrial wireless network in the L-band satellite spectrum neighborhood, FCC 20-48, adopted April 19, 2020 (the Ligado Order). We remain extremely concerned that terrestrial L-band operations would cause unacceptable risk to Department of Defense (DOD), the Federal Government Global Positioning System (GPS), and Satellite Communications (SATCOM) operations.

Prior to the issuance of the Ligado Order, fourteen federal agencies and departments expressed strong opposition to the applications sought by Ligado over concerns about potential harmful interference with GPS operations. In May 2020, shortly following the issuance of the Ligado Order, on behalf of the executive branch, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) petitioned the FCC to reconsider its decision. That filing requested that the FCC “rescind its approval of the mobile satellite service (MSS) license modification applications” granted to Ligado, which the NTIA asserted would “cause irreparable harms” to federal government GPS users.

Staying and reconsidering the Ligado Order is necessary to address the imminent risks associated with Ligado’s intention to “commence operations in the 1526-1536 Mhz band on or after September 30, 2022.” We remain gravely concerned that the Ligado Order fails to adequately protect adjacent band operations—including those related to GPS and satellite communications—from harmful interference impacting countless military and commercial activities. We urge you to set aside the Ligado Order and give proper consideration to the widely held concerns across the Executive Branch, within Congress, and from the private sector regarding the expected impact of the Ligado Order on national security and other systems.

We look forward to continuing to work with you to ensure that federal spectrum policy adequately protects the millions of military and commercial users who rely on L-band satellite services every day.

ICYMI: Rubio Joins The Adam Carolla Show

Source: United States Senator for Florida Marco Rubio

U.S. Senator Marco Rubio (R-FL) joined The Adam Carolla Show. See below for highlights and listen to the full interview here.
On politics in California:
“It’s sad because it’s a beautiful place, but it’s basically like what happens when you take every woke and crazy idea that some professor at a college campus or some activist nutcase thinks is good, and you turn it into public policy. You say, ‘Let’s get rid of the police department, let’s not arrest people that commit crimes. Let’s provide these trailers for people that are homeless right there on the street in front of people’s homes. Let’s turn our schools into indoctrination camps. Let’s raise taxes to the point where you can’t live anymore. Let’s be a state that welcomes people coming illegally into our country and actually provide them benefits that citizens don’t have.’ 
“You take all these ideas that sound really good at the faculty club, and you turn it into public policy. And then you ruin a state that, frankly, 30 years ago was something that a lot of Americans wanted to be a part of, and there’s a lot of glamor attached to it. It’s sad and hopefully that’ll change. But all of this is going to take some time, and it isn’t going to happen as long as [Gavin Newsom] is the governor.”
On the new divide in American politics:
“I actually don’t think that [what we see in American politics now] is traditional partisanship. For the last 30 or 40 years, most of my life, American politics has operated within a consensus. There’s a left guardrail, right guardrail. We have different ideas and one side thinks taxes should be a little higher, the other side thinks there should be less regulation. But generally [we have] operated in this consensus. That paradigm has completely shifted. The Democratic Party has become the party of affluent progressives and Marxist misfit activists. They’ve taken over the party. 
“And so you have millions of Americans—many of whom have been Democrats, voted for Democrats, union members, what have you—but they’re working people and they’re like, ‘You know, I’d be a little liberal on some issues, but I’m not insane. I still have common sense. I still believe in things like reality.’ And they see a party that doesn’t just ignore them and their concerns, but prioritizes all of these ideas that belong to a small group of people that have a lot of power—the elite group of affluent people—but they don’t live on the same planet and their ideas don’t work for real people. In fact, many times these ideas aren’t just bad ideas. They hurt working people. They hurt everyday people. So everyday people are having their concerns ignored and their common sense constantly violated by the political party that that movement has captured. 
“Now, that hopefully will change too. I think we’re a stronger country when we have two political parties that disagree on a left-right spectrum but operate within the constraints of common sense and reality. We don’t have that right now. And unfortunately, the Democratic Party has been captured by this element that is just not the majority of the country.”
On radical influences in the Republican and Democrat parties:
“My last name is Rubio. So if they were setting policy based on the Klan in the Republican Party, I probably wouldn’t have won any elections…. 
“There are people throughout the American political spectrum that have all kinds of ideas, including people who claim to be Republicans, but I don’t agree with their ideas. And in some cases, I think their ideas might be dangerous. 
“But that’s not what we’re talking about here. What we’re talking about here is a Democratic Party whose donor base and activist base and, frankly, staff base—the people that work their campaigns—come from a different world. They’re generally more affluent, increasingly non-minority. Not that that is necessarily the issue. But they claim to be a party that defends the minority, but their views are largely the views of whiter, more affluent people that live in some bubbles around this country. These are people that $5 gas doesn’t bother as much. They have the luxury to prioritize some other issues. 
“For the people in the real world, the everyday people, small business owners, they’re trying to raise a family and work hard. They may have opinions on some of those issues, but there’s no way those issues will ever become a priority when you have 50, 60% of Americans now living paycheck to paycheck. It’s not just inflation. It’s inflation on the essentials. One thing is a flat screen TV [being] too expensive. I’m not talking about [that]. We’re talking about food, housing, clothing, gasoline, now back to school supplies. That’s the core there. 
“And we’re not even having a debate about those topics. That’s the bigger problem. The people who control Congress, [who] are Democratic leaders, that’s not the way they prioritize. For the last two years, they prioritized a fake voting rights crisis in Georgia. They prioritize social issues, transgender rights, all these things that may matter to some people, but they’re not the priority…. And that is where I think you start to lose touch with people.”
On why the Democrat Party neglects working Americans:
“[Everyday Americans], by and large, are not the people that are donating on ActBlue. They’re not the people that are protesting in the streets and threatening to burn down cities every time they don’t get their way. They’re not the people that are blocking traffic over climate change. They’re not the people that work these campaigns. They’re not the activist base that claims to represent underrepresented people. And that’s where the base and the energy of the Democratic Party has come from. That’s what has dominated it. It is dominated by people that are not at Home Depot. They live in the Upper West Side. They live in East Hollywood. That’s where they live. And frankly, they have enough affluence to make these things a priority.
“And then you have a corporate mainstream media that goes along with it, because many of the people that run that, not to mention corporate America, agree with some of those things. So they prioritize these issues. 
“You talk about transgender rights. I think every American is entitled to decency, to respect, to the basic equality under the law that we’re all entitled to. But 0.5% of this country is not entitled to change everything for the other 99.5% of the nation. And yet that’s the argument they’re making on that issue. 
“Along with the fact that it just ignores some pretty basic truths, some common sense. It hasn’t just changed policy, it’s changed language. The [Associated Press] and other major entities now refuse to write ‘pregnant women.’ They write ‘pregnant people.’ As of the time of this taping—I just checked right before I came on—according to the experts, throughout 5,500 years of recorded history, every person who’s ever been pregnant happened to be a biological woman. And maybe that one day that will change. But so far it has not. And so when we talk about ‘pregnant people,’ it’s a fiction. But the language has changed. 
“These guys have a brand new language. There are words I do not understand, like ‘Latinx.’ I thought ‘Latinx’ was a band or something, some club. I’d never heard that term in my life except from people in Washington. That is a problem.”
On the Democrats’ radical approach to crime:
“Maybe ‘Defund the Police’ was the beginning of it. But I think that the most damaging thing now…has been the rise of these prosecutors across the country who unilaterally decided not to prosecute entire categories of crime. It’s very simple, going back to common sense. If you will not arrest criminals, then they will be on the street. And the message that you’re sending if you don’t arrest people is: ‘We’re not going to punish crime. There’s no consequences for it.’ We start to look like the movie The Purge. Because you’re basically telling people these things you won’t prosecute. 
“Plus you’re releasing them. And one of the reasons why mandatory sentences—and I’m not saying that all is perfect—but [one of the reasons] mandatory sentences work is because they take people who have a proven record of and tendency to commit crimes, career criminals, and [they] put them away. You are removing the supply of criminals on the street. But if you’re arresting someone and immediately releasing them back into the street, and then after that you’re dropping the charges, you create not just an incentive and the capability of that person to create more crimes, but you’ve actually sent a message to a bunch of other people that there are no consequences for certain crimes.
“That creates the spirit of criminality that begins to spread in ways that are disastrous. Every day brings stories of something you never would have seen 10 years ago, but now you do.”
On Joe Biden’s collaboration with the far left:
“I don’t think that this is anything like what [Joe Biden] was 20 years ago when he was in the Senate. It’s also not the same party. So I think there’s two things. His campaign was that he was going to be a bridge between the past and the future, like a caretaker. He didn’t promise to be some revolutionary leader. He promised to basically be a guy who would bring everything back to normal, settle everything down as America transitioned from one era to the other. Instead, what he’s learned upon his election is his office is staffed by people from the new Democrat Party, the modern Democrat Party. 
“The activists that generate the energy in their party are insisting upon these things. You have people coming to you and saying: ‘We’ve got to listen to these people because they’re the ones that got us here. They’re the ones that knocked on doors or the people that gave us money.’ And so the first thing out of the gate is $1.9 trillion of spending, which even Democrat economists were telling them was going to ramp up inflation. If you don’t create more supply…, but more demand and more government money…, [you get] higher prices. That’s what happened. 
“Then they pivoted to this voting rights issue. Again, another thing insisted upon by the radicals in the Democratic Party. And then he went as far as to do something really uncharacteristic of Joe Biden throughout his career, [which was] to accuse everyone who opposed that law of being no better than George Wallace and the Jim Crow-era leaders of the 1960s. Really outrageous, over-the-top stuff. 
“From there, he proceeded to try to pass Build Back Better, which was basically a hodgepodge of every far-left pipe dream, all thrown and cobbled together into one bill. Even now, this bill [they] are putting forward cynically—they call it the Inflation Reduction Act, it isn’t—it raises a bunch of taxes on a lot of people that aren’t rich and businesses that aren’t big. And it’s going to use it to fund a bunch of Green New Deal projects, not to mention tackle urgent issues like racist highways and more trees…. [And it will] subsidize these electric cars that most Americans will not be driving any time in the near future.
“Meanwhile 96, 97% of the automobiles in America get no help as a result of this. All of it because [Joe Biden] is now the head of a modern Democratic Party. And from a staffing activist perspective, they are all from the far left. That Democratic Party [of the] 80s, 90s is gone. It’s just not there anymore.”

“I think people [have a] right to believe whatever they want, and we have a republic to work out those differences. But these [far-left Democrats] want to change the concept of true and not true, right and wrong. What words we can use, who’s allowed to speak, and what you’re allowed to say. They even want to change [what comedians are] able to tell jokes about, which defeats the purpose of comedy. The only people that you’re allowed to offend are Trump supporters and white men. It’s not going to be very funny after a while.”
On Cuba:
“Here’s the way I would describe Cuba. They signed up for an economic model that doesn’t…just not work, it’s really catastrophic. There’s no other country in the world—not even Venezuela, which is really more of a corrupt narco-state than it is a Marxist one—they’re the only people still following this Marxist textbook, which clearly does not work, but they can’t abandon it. 
“They don’t want to be a prosperous country. They just need to provide [a] level of prosperity just high enough for their people to be happy and calm and not be angry at the government and not have everyone leave. But they can’t. They’re going to have to open up their economy for that to happen, but the reason why they don’t want to open up the economy is because when you open up the economy, you begin to lose control over people. They may not have much, but if everything you have is provided by the government—your education, your limited food, your medicine, and everything you have—you depend on the government for it. And they have a tremendous amount of leverage over you. 
“That’s what’s happening now. They had hoped that this opening with Obama, [which] proved to be a disaster, would allow them to create a little bit of economic activity, but that they would control [it]. It was never designed to advance [everyday] people’s lives. ‘Let’s just make sure they eat enough so they don’t protest, then they don’t all leave.’ Well, none of that has worked out. 
“That’s been exacerbated by COVID and the loss of tourism. Russians are a big part of their tourism. They’re not traveling a lot these days, Russians. So the result is that they’re in a total catastrophe. 
“Here’s something most people don’t realize. A significant percentage of the people who are presenting themselves at the southern border and crossing are Cuban. They go to Nicaragua, which allows them to travel without a visa. And then they make that trek towards the border. And already this year alone, for seven months of this year, almost eight months of this year, more people have come to the U.S. illegally from Cuba…than did throughout the entire Mariel boatlift, which was a traumatic moment in the early 80s. 1–2% of the country has left just in the last year…. And these are the people that are young and healthy enough to survive a journey such as this. 
“It’s perhaps the most difficult time in Cuba’s history, even worse than when the Soviet Union collapsed. And they just have people there that are incompetent. You can be incompetent or you can be a Marxist, but if you’re an incompetent Marxist, that’s a disastrous combination.”
On the Democrats’ handling of the border crisis:
“‘Fences don’t work and the National Guard doesn’t work.’…That was their argument when Trump tried to do it. ‘Don’t send the National Guard, that’s not what their job is. We don’t need a fence, it doesn’t really work.’ On January 6th—it was a terrible day, no doubt about it—what did they put up around the Capitol? Fences. Immediately, within 12 hours, there were fences around this place. And for a month and a half, we had National Guard [troops] from all over the country sleeping here and on full-time duty here. So I guess fences and National Guard don’t work on our border, but if the Capitol and the people who work here feel threatened, it does work. 
“The second thing about the border is pretty simple, and that is if people believe that, if they get in, they’re going to be allowed to stay, they are going to come. And they believe it because it’s true. These are human beings. They respond to incentive and word of mouth. 
“This is not a theory. I didn’t read about it in the latest edition of some magazine. I know people who have relatives that are coming illegally. And the reason is simple. They know that if they come across the border and they turn themselves in, they will be processed. They will be given a notice to appear at some future court hearing, and they will be released. They will be handed over to some charity, and that charity will give them a cash card and will transport them to the city where their relatives are. And then they’re gone. And people know it. These people call back home and they say, ‘Hey, we made it,’ and more people will come. So it is very simple. They believe that if they come in, they’ll be allowed to stay. 
“And there’s the perception [of openness]. If Trump was hard on the border, Biden said, ‘I’m gonna do the opposite of Trump.’ The word got out in every country where people wanted to come here, that it was going to be easier to come, and if you came here there was actually going to be some change in the law in the future that would allow you to get legalized. It created an incentive for people to come. That’s what’s happening.
“If we announce tomorrow, ‘Anyone who wants to come to America can come,’ at least 100 million people will try to come. That’s the starting point. So we have to have a system that decides who can come, when they can come, and how they can come. And if you follow that process, we will always be a country that welcomes immigrants through a process that Americans have decided is good for our country at that time in our history. But if you don’t follow that process, you shouldn’t be allowed to stay. And some of these are very sad stories. But like every country in the world, we have to deal with it.
“You ask what’s the endgame for Biden? He doesn’t have one. The problem is there are activists in that party who believe we should not have a border. They may give lip service to it for political purposes, but they think borders are artificial, that we’re all citizens of the world, and that people should be able to live wherever they want. That’s [what] they truly believe. Some of them argue that openly, and that’s why they talk about abolishing [Immigration and Customs Enforcement]. And even others will say, ‘I believe we should have immigration laws, we just shouldn’t enforce them,’ which is the same as saying, ‘Let’s not have [a border].’
On Hispanic voters’ shift away from the Democrat Party:
“I’ve said this for a long time: For most Americans of Hispanic descent, their primary identity isn’t their ethnicity. It’s a big part of your identity. It’s a big part of my identity. You know, we celebrate Christmas on the 24th, not the 25th. We eat a roast pig on the 24th. The music people might listen to is different and so forth. But their primary identity is they’re a worker, they’re a parent, they’re a husband, they’re a wife, they’re a neighbor, they’re a small business owner. That is their primary identity. 
“And they’re the ones paying the price [for illegal immigration]. It’s their hospitals that have long waits when a lot of people come into a place. It’s their schools that get overcrowded. It’s their labor markets that get flooded and that they have to [compete in]. It’s their communities that get destabilized and social services that get overrun. These people aren’t coming to this country and moving to Beverly Hills. They’re not coming to this country and moving to the Upper West Side of Manhattan, or they’re not moving to the Hamptons in the summer. They’re moving into Hispanic communities that immediately pay the price for this chaos. 
“And on top of that, [Hispanics] care about the things that matter to everyday people: the price of gas, schools trying to turn their sons into daughters, this notion that we can tax our way into prosperity, and how much it costs to buy clothes. And all of those things are being ignored by the Democratic Party. That’s why I think you’re beginning to see this change in voting patterns. It’s not because they’re Hispanic, it’s because they’re working-class.”
On how Democrats misunderstand Hispanics:
“I think [Democrats] confuse a labor leader or an immigration rights activist with the Hispanic community…. They think people who are the face of the immigration rights movement, or claim to be the face of the immigration movement, are somehow representative of the broader community. My parents were immigrants. My wife’s parents were immigrants. I live in a community in Miami-Dade County…[where] all my neighbors are [immigrants]. And at the end of the day, I know this experience firsthand. And there has to be a process for people to come here. And I would add this: [the average Hispanic voter] is also a working-class voter. 
“A real world example of it is—speaking from personal experience and Hispanic background—one of the most tragic things that can happen in a working-class Hispanic family is that a son or a daughter grows up, goes away to school, gets married, and doesn’t come back, and you only see them a couple of times a year. That’s like a catastrophe for them. They want their kids to succeed. They want you to find this great job and pursue your dreams. But why can’t you do it here in Miami? Even though in Miami we don’t have the space industry, we don’t have Silicon Valley or what have you, and that’s what you want to work in. So what’s happening is, as people are finding, their kids are growing up, they’re getting upwardly mobile, going to college, graduating—they can’t afford to live with them. They can’t live there because the cost of living has gotten so high, and they have to move away.
“That’s the kinds of things that [Hispanic] people worry about on a daily basis. You want your family close to you, that matters to them. The fact that you don’t see your kids every day or every weekend is unthinkable. It’s your support network…. I know people that are working-class, and they can afford all kinds of things because they’ve made some money, but they’re working-class in their values. And the only people who [they] leave their kids with is a cousin or an aunt or their grandmother to watch their kids. And if somebody in my family can’t watch your kids, you’re not going on that trip. That’s a very working-class thing. And when you force people to move away from their family, it really makes it hard on them. And that’s happening in a lot of parts of this country where the cost of living for a lot of young people has become prohibitive. They cannot start families. They can’t afford to live in these communities. They have to move. And that’s part of the anxiety.”
On the future of American politics:
“I think it’s impossible [to predict the politics of the future]. I’m not trying to be evasive. The politics today is so dynamic. The world is so dynamic. If I had been sitting here with you…[in 2014], and I would have said…: ‘Donald Trump’s going to be president and we’re going to have this global pandemic that’s going to shut everything down. And…on January 6th of 2021, [the Capitol is] going to be breached by people unhappy with the election result.’ And I can go on down the list: ‘And we’re going to live in a country where words have been changed and you can no longer use certain terms, where suddenly we’re going to see in sports men…competing against young women and winning and everyone’s pretending like there’s no difference there.’ You would’ve said: ‘That’s not possible. Not in eight years. That cannot happen.’ That’s what’s happened in just the last eight to 10 years. That’s how much the world has changed.
“And I think you’re going to see more of it, because what’s happening is that an era is ending. This post-Cold War era where everyone was told history is over, the Soviet Union collapsed, everyone’s going to become a democratic republic with free markets and [it’s] going to make everything perfect, that didn’t work out. And now people are realizing countries actually have national identities. Like the Chinese. They care about the free market—as long as it’s good for China. Because they’re nationalists about China. Many countries around the world are starting to figure out: ‘This free market stuff doesn’t work for us. It works for us—except if we really need something and don’t know how to make it, and the people who know how to make it won’t send it to us.’ The world is being reimagined…. 
“I hate socialism. I think the free market is generally the right response to all of this. But there are some things countries have to be able to make. And if you get rid of these things and you stop creating the jobs, not only are you dependent on a foreign country, you leave a lot of people stuck with no good jobs for them to have. They’re not, at 49 years of age, going to learn how to code and move to Silicon Valley and go work for a tech company. That creates societal upheaval. 
“That’s a long answer to a short question. The bottom line is, I don’t know [what the future holds]. I don’t know, other than to tell you that…the Democratic Party…[is] going to have to go through some painful losses to be able to reinvent themselves. And I tell Republicans all the time…, we should not assume [our newfound popularity is] because people love us and agree with us on everything. What we do have is an opportunity to create this new American consensus behind a new American majority of people who just want government to make common-sense decisions that are focused on the priorities that matter to them. And one of those, I think, is to return as much power as we can to the place where it belongs, and that is to local governments and state governments, because those are leaders you can influence on a daily basis, as opposed to someone far away in Washington that’s never even visited your community, much less represented it.”
On January 6th:
“If people committed crimes on that day, they should be charged for it. At the end of the day, whether some people have been overcharged or undercharged, I don’t know. I don’t know the details of every person that came here. But we have rules. We’re a law and order country. We believe in rule and equality under the law. And you’ve got to follow those rules. And it is simply illegal to storm into the United States Capitol and try to disrupt the function of government. It’s called chaos and anarchy. And I don’t care whose side you’re on, I’d be against it. 
“The difference between me and some of my Democratic colleagues is they wouldn’t say the same thing in the summer of 2020, when there were people burning places in the streets and people were dying and police cars would be set on fire. Over 1,000 police officers were injured. And people died. It was one of the largest losses of property in American history with the arson and all that sort of thing. They weren’t saying it for that. They had no hearings on that…. In fact, we were told that that was what happens when people are unhappy, and that that was the language of people who were desperate…, treated unjustly. 
“It just wasn’t so. There were people marching during the day, and I didn’t agree with what they were saying about ‘Defund the Police.’ But the people that were showing up at night were a totally different group. These were anarchists, fascists, haters that hate America, and they were trying to burn places down and harm people and nothing was done about it…. I’m against political violence. We have a republic and we have elections to decide these things. And I’ll say it no matter whose side you are on and who you voted for. The other side won’t do that.”
On how Democrats ignore left-wing political violence:
“They’ve gone around for two years talking about how evil these people on the Supreme Court are. Some of them are being accused of being the…American Taliban equivalent. So a guy gets on an airplane and flies halfway across the country with the clear intent of murdering Justice Kavanaugh and, now we learn, at least one or two other justices, to fundamentally change the court. It was a news story for a day, a day and a half, but we haven’t had the obligatory CNN two-hour special investigation report, documentary. 
“I’m talking about an assassination, a targeted assassination. Nothing. We heard about it. It was recorded barely. And then it’s been talked about a little bit, but it has not dominated the news. And I think that’s a very significant thing that happened. 
“And we still have people once, twice a week outside the homes of Supreme Court justices protesting. Not only is it illegal to try to influence and intimidate a judge into making a decision, but it’s also a nuisance. And the governor of the state of Maryland has allowed it. It continues. And now even the neighbors who are pro-choice are complaining about it because these are nasty people saying terrible things and kids can’t go out. 
“It’s that double game. There’s two rules. If you’re on the right, or what they identify as the right, then these things are deserved and they’re not going to condemn it. If it’s on the other side, then they’re not going to say much about it or ignore it or in some cases justify it. I think people see through it. I really do. I think people see through it. I can’t describe to you how powerful the bubble that the force field in Washington is. These people live here, they work here, and they think the rest of the country is thinking, talking about what we’re talking about and focused on what they’re talking about right now. And they think that their positions are majority positions and their priorities are majority priorities. They are not….”
On what it means to be part of a nation:
“What I think we’ve lost is the concept of what a nation is. At its core, what a nation is, is people who maybe don’t agree on everything, but the one thing they agree on is they agree to live together under the same rules. And they have a process for deciding what those rules are. And they may not be 100% where you want those rules to be, but you have a process. And as long as your voice is heard and you have a chance to influence it and maybe change it in the future, you agree to live under the same set of rules. 
“Where you lose a nation is when one group says: ‘Well, we believe that we should be a people who all live under the set of rules that I decide. And if we don’t get the rules that I want, then I’m prepared to tear down this whole thing and start over again, so we end up with the rules I want and people like you stop trying to change them.’ That’s when you lose the country. The core of revolution is people that do not agree to live under the same set of rules, so they want to rewrite it. I’m not trying to exaggerate where we are, but in many cases that’s where we are. We have a debate about whether we should have the same set of rules and abide by the same set of rules, irrespective of who ended up winning the last debate on that topic.
“You can survive bad decisions made by politicians. What you cannot survive is tearing apart the fabric of what makes us a nation. And that’s what they’re tearing apart. They are literally telling us we’re actually not one people: ‘The most important identity that any of us have is our gender identity, the color of our skin, where our parents came from, our ethnicity, the intersectionality of all these things’––whatever the hell that means––‘that’s the most important thing about us. The American piece? That’s just what our passport says’…. 
“That is as un-American as you can get, because what makes you an American is, it doesn’t matter what the color of your skin is, it doesn’t matter where your parents came from—here, you’re an American. It’s because you have equal rights, because we all have rights given to us by our Creator. And we have laws to protect those rights. Even if you’re in the minority, be it an ethnic minority or a political minority, that’s what America is. And these people are literally arguing the opposite. Identity politics is one of the most un-American things that exists because it asks us to separate from one another and view each other as competitors as opposed to countrymen.”
On discrimination and opportunity in America:
“Is there racism in America? Of course there is, unfortunately, because there’s racism in every society in the history of mankind. It is part of our fallen nature that we immediately discriminate against people for a variety of reasons, race being one of them, but there are other reasons. But every culture, every society has had that…. I think what’s separated us from that is that…in America we actually think it’s wrong. And this is a country where not even the racist want to be called racist because it’s wrong and we look down upon it. 
“The second point I would make to you is that one of the greatest gifts that my parents gave me—I didn’t have a trust fund, my dad was a bartender, my mom was a clerk at Kmart, a cashier at a hotel, I didn’t inherit a penny from my parents—but the one thing I did inherit was they made sure that I knew that that I lived in the one place on Earth where it didn’t matter that he was a bartender and she was a maid. It didn’t matter that they were immigrants. I could be anything I wanted to be. It was based on whether I was good enough to do it and whether I was willing to do the work. Now, could I play in the NBA? No, I couldn’t. That wasn’t where my talent was. But if I was good at something or had the ability to do something, if I was willing to work on it, I would have a real chance. Not an illusory chance, a real chance to succeed. And that was the greatest gift my parents gave us.
“Do I believe there are people out there that passed judgment on me…because they had a prejudice? I’m sure. But I was too busy getting ahead to worry about those people and to think about it. And I think that the opposite is corrosive. It’s destructive because when you start telling a child from the youngest of ages, ‘The most important thing about you is the color of your skin or where your parents came from,’ You’re basically telling them, ‘Most of what’s going to happen in your life is completely out of your control.’ And not only is that destructive…, but it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy and it violates everything this country is about. Even our civil rights movement was not about that. 
“People forget our civil rights movement was not a call to reject our founding documents. Martin Luther King’s challenge was to fulfill our founding documents. He spoke about it in speeches where he said, ‘Live up to the magnificent words of that Declaration of Independence.’…He didn’t say, ‘Tear that up because it was written by a bunch of racist white men.’ He said: ‘Those are magnificent words. The people who wrote them were imperfect creatures of their time, but the words were magnificent. Live up to them.’ And that was the essence of the civil rights movement. That’s not what you hear today. And that’s, unfortunately, something that needs to change. I don’t believe the majority of Americans want that either. But that’s what these guys have made the prominent feature of their agenda.”
On President Biden:
“I’m a little bit old fashioned in the following way, and that is that I don’t like to talk about the deficiencies of a president, because I actually think that emboldens and encourages an adversary to maybe do things they wouldn’t normally do, and that wouldn’t be good for America. That said, I also can’t insult people’s intelligence. 
“I wasn’t with Joe Biden in the Senate, but I knew him as vice president. I have interacted with him in the past on a number of things. It’s not the same guy. Now, few people are at this stage in their life. I’m not opining on his health. I’m just saying he’s not the same person. I think that’s pretty clear. And I think that’s normal, natural in your late 70s and early 80s. That’s what people are. The difference is most people aren’t president at that age. 
“The second point I would make is that if he wasn’t running for president, he would still have to say he was. He would be saying the exact same thing he’s saying right now…, because no one wants to be a one-term lame duck president. The minute you announce you’re not running, the Democratic primary kicks off and you become less relevant. So he almost has to say [he will run], irrespective of whether he’s going to run. I have no idea whether he plans to run again or not…. I see the polling. I hear the numbers. We’ll see how that plays out. 
“Again, it ties into this very unusual situation that we now have where we have a former president that may be running again. We have a sitting president that may not run again. We may have two former presidents running against each other, which we haven’t had in a long time. We may have people running that we’ve never heard of or never thought of before. I mean, there’s going to be a lot of people entering politics over the next 10 years that have never held office and no one knows who they are today. I almost think that’s an advantage, given how people look at the political class, and rightfully so. 
“It’s a very unpredictable and dynamic period. We’ve had about three of those in our time in our country…. The ends of eras are always turbulent, and then the country re-establishes a sort of consensus that governs the next 20, 30, 40 years of that country. And political movements sort of find their place within those barriers. But I’ll tell you what, it’s been a heck of a ride so far.”
On the challenge of the Chinese Communist Party:
“It will define the 21st century, the relationship between the United States and China. I think where we’re headed, and we’ll probably see it much clearer here in the next 18 months, is a world in which there’s a pro-democracy bloc led by America and our European and Asian allies, a Chinese-led bloc with Russia as a junior partner, and then dozens and dozens of developing countries trying to leverage both sides, get benefits from both sides: ‘We’ll buy weapons from these guys, we’ll get oil from them, we want your tourism and your agriculture.’ Trying to leverage us against each other. That happened a little bit in the Cold War. That’s the world we’re headed towards.
“China is the most comprehensive near-peer competitor the nation has ever faced. The Soviet Union was a military competitor and a geopolitical and ideological competitor. They were never a commercial competitor. They were never an industrial competitor or a technological competitor with the United States. China is, and they are for two reasons. First, we’ve allowed them to cheat for 30 years because a bunch of smart people around here thought, ‘Don’t worry, when the Chinese get rich, they will become just like us.’ And then we woke up one day and said: ‘Oh my God, they are rich, they got rich by stealing our stuff.’ But they’ve also gotten pretty good at it themselves. And now we are in competition against them. 
“And they don’t have to have a town hall meeting. I’m not in favor of dictatorship, but when they decide, ‘We’re going to do something,’ they go after it. They don’t have to have a long debate about it. They just do it and they put a bunch of money behind it. And they start by stealing your intellectual property so they can build up from there.
“This is an ancient civilization. They view the last hundred years as an aberration. And they believe that they are naturally destined to be the most powerful nation on earth and that America is a hollowed-out once-great power in decline. That’s how they view things. And they think that what’s happening now is just a temper tantrum of a dying superpower. And that’s a very dangerous thing because they may not understand our system. 
“One of the things that concerned me is that they thought because I criticized Nancy Pelosi so much that somehow I would clap or be happy if they brought harm to her on her trip to Taiwan, and they would be wrong. I think that you would see Americans immediately unite and say: ‘We have big differences in our domestic politics, but she’s an American. If you harm her, the people that are with her, you’re going to have a problem.’ And I fear that they misunderstand our divisions.
“The Japanese made that conclusion. One of the reasons why the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor is because they thought Americans were not just isolationist and didn’t care about the rest of the world, but that Americans were too busy dancing to jazz and drinking to actually fight. And they were wrong, and they paid a terrible price for it. The world did. So I fear that, I really do. And I think it’s really important for us to wake up to the reality that China poses that threat. 
“A lot of what we have to do about it is with ourselves. We’ve got to be a country that can make things again, even if it’s cheaper to make it somewhere else. There are certain things we have to be able to make in this country, like medicine, like…food, like some electronic components, like rare earth minerals. And if we can’t make it, one of our allies better be able to make it, because if we depend on China for it, they will use it as leverage against us. They already do.”